Trump’s proposal delivers Israel 30% of West Bank, including the fertile Jordan Valley. While it proposes a Palestinian State, the conditions and restrictions it imposes renders a State unviable. The 181 page document reflects the current US administration’s deep sympathy with Israeli interests, and further encroaches on the legitimate basic rights of the Palestinian population. In response to the announcement, Israel has immediately begun processes to annex West Bank settlements.
Details of the plan:
The PLO estimates this proposal reduces a future state to just 15% of historic Palestine. Any Palestinian State needs to be negotiated with Israel and has many preconditions – including Hamas not being in Government, the disarming of all militant groups in Gaza, and very significant ‘security’ requirements. No territorial contiguity is offered between West Bank and Gaza (reduced to a high-speed rail), and some sections of West Bank only connected by roads. Israel to retain monitoring over Palestinians very limited external borders and access to ports. A Palestinian seaport and small airport possible after 5 years, and again with many conditions and Israel retaining sovereignty over waters.
Allows Israel to assert exclusive sovereignty over Jerusalem. Allows for a potential Palestinian capital outside Israel’s wall in Jerusalem’s Eastern and Northern suburbs.
Land annexations West Bank:
Allow Israel to annex West Bank land which has Israeli settlements, allowing all settlers to remain.
Allow Israel to annex the whole of the Jordan valley, a whole third of the West Bank and the most important agricultural land.
A Palestinian State would receive territory, mostly desert, near Gaza to compensate for the loss of about 30% of the West Bank.
Dismisses UN mandated Palestinian Right of Return as a foundation for refugee rights. Will not allow any Palestinian to return to what would be Israel. Palestinian refugees seeking to return to Palestine would be vetted by ‘trustees’ that the US would jointly appoint. Assumption appears that most refugees would be settled outside Palestine. A compensation fund to be established with US jointly appointing trustees.
Possible stripping of Israeli citizenship of Palestinians in ‘the triangle’:
The possibility of stripping Israeli citizenship from tens of thousands of Arab Israelis who live in 10 towns North East of Tel Aviv, with those towns and their residents being included into any future State of Palestine.
While negotiations are underway, it requires:
Israel not to expand settlements, or demolish Palestinian property outside of the areas stipulated to become part of Israel.
Palestinians not to make welfare payments to Palestinian prisoners or their families. They also must not “attempt to join any international organization without the consent of the State of Israel”, not take any action in the International Court of Justice or other tribunals, and take no legal action against any Israeli or US citizen before Interpol or any international legal system.